Molecular formula :
nature : a sweet type of food or given to regulating food flavor of food additives. As chemical substances, their chemical structure and the relationship has sweet variety of theoretical explanation, but has not yet entirely clear. This led to the sweetness of sweeteners can be no measurement of absolute, only to sucrose as a standard, through other sweeteners taste threshold concentration of comparison, came to compare the relative sugar sweetness, as a basis to choose one of sweeteners. According to sources can be divided into natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic derivatives of the natural. Also according to calorific value can be divided into nutrition and non-nutritive. The pursuit of health, strokes and the formation of low-sugar food consumption demand, and promote the non-nutritive sweeteners in the development and application. Natural Sweetener is the most important carbohydrates, including traditional application of sucrose, glucose, fructose, fructose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, and has some features not available in the increasingly extensive use of sugar alcohols, such as xylitol, sorbitol, maltitol so. There are some non-sugar natural sweeteners, such as Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni, licorice sodium, and kiwifruit, Mangosteen extracts from the other. Synthetic sweeteners, including the most commonly used saccharin (o-sulfonyl acid imide), sodium saccharin, sodium cyclamate (cyclamate - sulfonate), acesulfame (acetyl Acesulfamek). Its sweetness generally high, and low calorific value, the non-nutritive. Because of its toxicity, its use subject to some restrictions. Semi-synthetic derivatives of the natural sweetener with two peptide derivatives (mainly sweet-Abbas, aspartyl phenylalanine ester), dihydrostreptomycin investigated five other ketone derivatives. There is also the natural sugar and sugar alcohol as raw material by chemical denaturation, made in the structure and nature of the characteristics with other sweeteners, such as Danny the sugar, 3-chloro milk sugar, maltitol other times. Sweetener is that almost all the food industry essential basic ingredients and food additives. It not only give sweetness, but also to strengthen certain foods taste good, and cover up their bad taste.
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